Screen printing is a printing technique that dates to 1200 B.C in ancient china. This process describes the transferring of ink onto a substrate involving a specially designed fine mesh. A stencil to block the ink in specific areas is used for the printing process to take place. Until quite recently, fabric and paper were the main surfaces used for screen printing. However, with the advanced development of specialized inks and modern machinery, it is now possible to print on wood, metal, plastic, and even glass. Since this technique originated as an ancient Chinese practice of printing on silk, it is also known as Silk Screening or Silkscreen Printing.
One of the main reasons screen printing is still widely used is because it produces vivid bright colors even on dark surfaces. The ink or paint also lies in layers on the relevant surface resulting in a print with a pleasingly tactile quality. This technique is also favored since the stencil is re-used and allows the printer to reproduce a design multiple time. Thus, proving very efficient when printing large batches of an item such as custom clothing for a sports team or work uniform. When carried out by an experienced printer, this process makes way to intricate multicolored designs.